The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that connects our skull to the lower jaw.

Temporomandibular disorders are a set of musculoskeletal injuries that affect each joint or the masticatory muscles.

The most common factors that can cause temporomandibular joint pain are:

  • The stress which leads to gnashing of teeth or nocturnal grunting
  • Injuries due to cracking

Other secondary factors are:

  • Long hours of orthodontic interventions
  • Dislocations or jaw injuries
  • Cervical diseases

How can a patient understand that he or she has a temporomandibular joint disorder?

The answer is that it is very likely to feel a tingling sensation during movements, pain in the jaw or in more peripheral areas of the face, headache, migraine, pain in the ears, difficulty in chewing, etc.

According to the findings of the physical examination, the therapist will create a specialized treatment plan which most often includes:

  • Manual therapy
  • Massage techniques
  • Acupuncture
  • Stretches
  • Exercises and relaxation techniques
  • Tips for prevention and control